Brazilian and Ecuadorian social media users: a study of knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs toward organ donation

  • Sueny Paloma Lima dos Santos Pontifical Catholic University of Ecuador Salamanca University
  • María José Fernández-Gómez Salamanca University, Biostatistics Unit. IBSAL.
  • Javier Martín Vallejo Salamanca University, Biostatistics Unit. IBSAL.
  • Waseem M. Hajjar College of Medicine, King Saud University, Department of Surgery, Riyadh-Saudi Arabia
Palabras clave: conocimiento, actitudes, creencias, onación de órganos, redes sociales

Resumen

Varios estudios han declarado que las actitudes de las personas hacia la donación de órganos están influenciadas por factores como el conocimiento, la educación y la religión. Muchas personas podrían donar si supieran los beneficios de la donación de órganos en lugar de desperdiciarla. Esa es la razón por la que este estudio se propone determinar el conocimiento, las actitudes y las creencias hacia la donación de órganos entre los usuarios de redes sociales brasileños y ecuatorianos. Se realizó un estudio transversal, evaluado a través de una encuesta autoadministrada, anónima y validada, y distribuido a través de las redes sociales. Cuatrocientos ocho individuos participaron en esta encuesta, 72 (17.6%) eran brasileños y 336 (82.4%) ecuatorianos. Las edades de los participantes estaban entre 18 y 59 años; 360 (88.2%) participantes estaban dispuestos a donar un órgano, mientras que solo 300 (73.5%) estuvieron de acuerdo dar su consentimiento para donar los órganos de sus familiares fallecidos (p <0.001), y 48 (11.8%) de esas personas no estaban dispuestas tener una identificación de donante (p <0.001). Con respecto al conocimiento sobre la muerte cerebral, 320 (78.4%) considerarán que el corazón continuará latiendo y 306 (75%) afirman que las personas con muerte cerebral permanecerán en coma; 359 (88%) personas recibieron información sobre trasplantes y donaciones de órganos a través de la televisión, las redes sociales y los periódicos impresos. Con base en los resultados de esta investigación y analizándolos, podemos concluir que existe una gran disposición de la población estudiada para convertirse en donante de órganos y recibir más información sobre este tema.

Biografía del autor/a

Sueny Paloma Lima dos Santos, Pontifical Catholic University of Ecuador Salamanca University

Pontifical Catholic University of Ecuador, Nursing Faculty, Quito-Ecuador
Salamanca University, Statistics Department, Salamanca-Spain

María José Fernández-Gómez, Salamanca University, Biostatistics Unit. IBSAL.

Salamanca University, Statistics Department, Salamanca-Spain
Biostatistics Unit. IBSAL. Salamanca, Spain

Javier Martín Vallejo, Salamanca University, Biostatistics Unit. IBSAL.
Salamanca University, Statistics Department, Salamanca-Spain
Biostatistics Unit. IBSAL. Salamanca, Spain
Waseem M. Hajjar, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Department of Surgery, Riyadh-Saudi Arabia
College of Medicine, King Saud University, Department of Surgery, Riyadh-Saudi Arabia

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Publicado
2020-06-28
Cómo citar
Lima dos Santos, S. P., Fernández-Gómez, M. J., Vallejo, J. M., & Hajjar, W. M. (2020). Brazilian and Ecuadorian social media users: a study of knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs toward organ donation. REVISTA CIENTÍFICA AXIOMA, (22), 18-24. Recuperado a partir de http://axioma.pucesi.edu.ec/index.php/axioma/article/view/594