El juego como herramienta generadora de bienestar para niños hospitalizados: una revisión sistemática Play as a tool for generating well-being for hospitalized children: a systematic review

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Erika Estefanía Yánez Ortiz

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La hospitalización es un evento estresante para el niño pues constituye una fuente de tensiones y conflictos debido a la presencia de sentimientos como ansiedad, miedo o dolor. El juego es una parte importante de la vida de los niños, por lo tanto, es necesario garantizar atención integral durante el proceso, incluyendo la posibilidad de jugar. El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar el efecto del juego en niños hospitalizados. Métodos: Se realizó una revisión sistemática. La búsqueda se realizó en PsycInfo, Scopus, Medline y Behavioral Sciences Collection. La ecuación de búsqueda fue "hospitalized children" or "pediatric patients" and "play intervention". La búsqueda se realizó en enero de 2021. Resultados: (n = 41) estudios fueron incluidos en la revisión. Los estudios revelan que la aplicación del juego en niños hospitalizados disminuye el dolor postoperatorio mejora el comportamiento y la actitud, y reduce la ansiedad durante la estancia hospitalaria. Conclusiones: el uso del juego tiene un impacto beneficioso en el cuidado de los niños hospitalizados y se siguiere sea implementado en unidades pediátricas.


 

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Yánez OrtizE. E. (2021). El juego como herramienta generadora de bienestar para niños hospitalizados: una revisión sistemática: Play as a tool for generating well-being for hospitalized children: a systematic review. AXIOMA, 1(25), 73-81. https://doi.org/10.26621/ra.v1i25.729
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